How to update the APT repository on Kali Linux?
1. Open a terminal window.
2. Update apt repositories with the command: “sudo apt update”.
3. Install any needed updates with the command: “sudo apt upgrade.”
4. Remove any unnecessary packages with the command: “sudo apt autoremove.”
5. Clean up the repository with the command: “sudo apt autoclean.”
6. Verify the list of available packages with the command: “sudo apt list --upgradable.”
What is a Linux operating system?
Linux is an open source, Unix-based operating system used by corporations and individuals throughout the world. It is a powerful and versatile platform that supports many different types of software, from basic productivity tools to sophisticated software applications. As an open source operating system, users have access to Linux’s source code and can modify and share it for free. It is highly secure, stable, and efficient, making it popular for web server hosting and other applications.
how to install linux
Installing Linux is not difficult at all.
1. Download the desired Linux ISO from any official Linux website.
2. Create a bootable USB device using the ISO.
3. Insert the USB into the computer and reboot it.
4. During the boot process, enter the boot menu and select the USB device as the boot source.
5. Follow the onscreen instructions to complete the installation.
6. Once installation is complete, restart the computer and enjoy!
How do hardware drivers work on Linux?
Hardware drivers on Linux work in a similar way as they do on other platforms. They are software programs that allow the operating system to communicate with hardware devices. To run a hardware driver, the user must first install the driver, which can be done through the use of a package manager, such as YaST on SUSE or APT on Ubuntu. Once the driver is installed, the operating system can detect the hardware device and interact with it. Alternatively, hardware drivers can be compiled from source code, which allows a user to customize the options and features of the driver.
Is Ubuntu Studio a good option for media creation?
Yes, Ubuntu Studio is a great option for media creation. The OS is optimized for media production tasks such as audio production, video editing, graphic design, and 3D modeling. It comes with an extensive suite of built-in audio, video, and graphics applications as well as other helpful tools for media production.
Which file system does Linux use?
Linux generally uses the ext4 file system, although other file systems may be used, such as ext3, ext2, Btrfs, XFS, or JFS.
How to install Ubuntu on MacBook Pro?
1. Download Ubuntu: Go to the Ubuntu website and choose the version of Ubuntu you would like to install.
2. Create an Installation USB Drive: Connect an 8GB or larger USB drive to your computer and use the Ubuntu start-up disk creator to format the drive and make it bootable.
3. Prepare MacBook for Installation: Turn the MacBook off and turn it back on, pressing and holding the "Option" key to enter the boot menu. Select the USB drive from the list and press "Enter" to begin the installation process.
4. Install Ubuntu: Follow the on-screen instructions to install the operating system. You will have the option to delete your existing system, keep it, or encrypt the disk. Select your preferred option and complete the installation process.
5. Post-Installation: Once the installation is finished, eject the USB drive and restart your MacBook. You should now be able to log into your new Ubuntu operating system.
How to disable SELinux temporarily or permanently?
To temporarily disable SELinux, type in this command:
sudo setenforce 0.
To permanently disable SELinux, open up the configuration file
/etc/selinux/config in an editor (nano, vi, etc.). Change the SELINUX line from
SELINUX=enforcing to SELINUX=disabled. Finally, reboot the server for changes to take
How to install phpMyAdmin in CentOS 6?
1. Begin by updating your packages to ensure you are using the latest versions available:
# yum update
2. Next, use yum to install phpMyAdmin:
# yum install phpmyadmin
3. Now, open up the configuration file to adjust some settings:
# vi /etc/httpd/conf.d/phpMyAdmin.conf
4. Find the line for “Require ip” and change it accordingly to limit access to certain IP addresses.
5. After that, open up the phpMyAdmin configuration file to adjust some settings:
# vi /etc/phpMyAdmin/config.inc.php
6. Find the line for “$cfg['blowfish_secret']” and change it accordingly.
**Note: It is recommended that you should use a random string at least 32 characters long.
7. Restart the Apache web server to apply the new settings:
# service httpd restart
8. Open up a web browser and access phpMyAdmin. You should be able to do so by entering the following address:
This should take you to the phpMyAdmin login page. Enter your MySQL database credentials to access phpMyAdmin.
How to install Ubuntu Linux on VirtualBox on Windows 10?
1. Download and install VirtualBox on Windows 10
2. Download Ubuntu ISO image.
3. Launch VirtualBox, click “New” to create a new virtual machine.
4. Enter a name for the VM and select type as Linux, and version as Ubuntu 64-bit. Click “Next”.
5. Set the desired amount of RAM for the VM. Click “Next”.
6. Select “Create a virtual hard disk now”, and click “Create”.
7. Select “VDI (VirtualBox Disk Image)”, and click “Next”.
8. Select “Dynamically allocated” for the disk size, and click “Create”.
9. Select the newly created virtual machine, click “Settings”.
10. Go to “Storage”. Click on the empty optical drive, and select “Choose virtual optical disk file”.
11. Select the Ubuntu ISO image downloaded, and click “Open”.
12. Go to “Systems”. Select “Motherboard” tab, and make sure “Enable I/O APIC” and “Enable EFI” is checked.
13. Go to “Display”, and increase the amount of video memory.
14. Select “OK”.
15. Select the newly created VM, and click “Start”.
16. Follow the instructions to complete the installation.